Irreguar Verbs

Irregular verbs become often a serious test for those who study English. It is interesting that if you follow the grammar of some native speakers in social networks and forums, you can see that they tend to make mistakes in this area.

What are irregular verbs? There are about 470 verbs of the English language, the second and third forms of which are absolutely different or sometimes the same.

Regular verbs are formed according to this:

Past Simple, Past Participle = inf. + (e)d: to like – liked – liked, to watch – watched – watched, to cry – cried – cried.

Irregular verbs:

Past Simple, Past Participle = inf. + ???: to be – was – been, to do – did – done, to bust – bust – bust.

However, it is important to remember that contrary to the same spelling in all three forms, the pronunciation of each can be different.

For example:

to read [ri:d] – read [red] – read [red]

Sometimes it is enough to learn the most common irregular verbs.

For example:

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle
give gave given
forgive forgave forgiven
write wrote written
rewrite rewrote rewritten
think thought thought
rethink rethought rethought

One should also be careful, and before learning by heart some forms, look them up in the dictionary.

We have collected for you the most frequently used irregular verbs in the table:

Infinitive Past Simple Past Participle
arise arose arisen
be was/were been
become became become
begin began begun
bite bit bitten
blow blew blown
break broke broken
bring brought brought
build built built
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
choose chose chosen
come came come
cut cut cut
dig dug dug
do did done
dream dreamt dreamt
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feel felt felt
find found found
get got got
give gave given
go went gone
have had had
hear heard heard
keep kept kept
knew know known
lead led led
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt
leave left left
let let let
lose lost lost
make made made
mean ment ment
meet met met
put put put
read read read
rise rose risen
run ran run
say said said
see saw seen
sell sold sold
shine shone shone
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sit sat sat
sleep slept slept
speak spoke spoken
spoil spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt
stand stood stood
strike struck struck, stricken
swim swam swum
take took taken
teach taught taught
tell told told
think thought thought
understand understood understood
wear wore worn
win won won
write wrote written

 

 

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